My toaster is racist, my kettle homophobic but my car my true friend

The New World Order of Ideology in Code: IoT, DLT, AI and 5G


We are all searching for new paradigms. Democracy is broken, capitalism questionable and the environment a disaster. Our views used to be simple to be identified, tagged, and sold to, but social media has obliterated that. We now live in a community of one, just me. All social media feeds reinforce my views, exclude challenges to my values, and allow me to live in my own bubble in isolation without the need to consider the opinions of others. This makes democracy unworkable as there is no majority consensus. There is no one Brexit UK, one Trump USA, there are truths all around us and we want to pick and mix just like our social media communities. In the good old days if you drank chamomile tea you were probably lesbian, vegetarian and a tree hugger; now you can can love soya latte, hate immigrants, vote Brexit but still demand European travel. The world is searching for a scalable and sustainable future that can accommodate a myriad of values. One nation unity has left the room and switched the light off.

Strategic responses are predictable. The Americans believe money is the currency of life, our sentiment data belongs to corporates in exchange for free services, and market forces will drive social change. The Europeans believe safety in numbers, the sanctity of legislation, treaties and GDPR’s my-data-my-way will safeguard us from bad actors. The Chinese believe in government patriarchy, they should own your data to protect you, and use 4th Industrial Revolution Technologies of Blockchain, AI and IoT to implement homogenously across all BRI nations. Corporates cling on to various positivity instruments like CSR, Impact Investment, ESG and ethical supply chains to enact their good intentions. The fact is everyone is trying to the best of their capability;  even drug lords can do good. Just like people, there are no evil nations or corporates but there are shades of grey.

We have now all become used to technology being touted as the saviour. Facebook, Google, Amazon, Tencent, Alibaba …. bring joy to billions for free by tracking our alignment, value and values in order to sell us more stuff. The science of digitally measuring happiness, hope, love, aspiration, and all such non-financial soft intangible assets are now well rehearsed. What DLT has done is to allow the transaction of those assets from A to B, just like any financial tangible hard asset – money, gold, diamonds – the assets of Christmas past. Tokenisation makes real the tracking and movement of value(s), injecting life into good intentions and virtues with unprecedented granularity beyond face to face volunteering, corporate ethics and national policies. So now we can codify ideology, and transact them at scale … just like banks but this time with our feelings.

Enter stage right AI offering us the ability to nudge our behavior in any direction we care for by incentivizing good behavior and removing negative options. That of course, is the heart of the Chinese Social Credit System. Western cultures will frown on manipulation of choices based on behaviours, but that is exactly what Facebook et al already do. Only they decide what jobs we get to see, and which postings are fed to us, and how our personal AI of Alexa, Siri, Bixby, and others guide us depending on the capability of our financial shopping basket. China puts government’s paternal  responsibilities of the society body corpus above those of the individual rights and freedoms including jay walking, carrying arms, or shooting children in playgrounds. Until now there has been no happy medium but with blockchain democracy you can have your cake and eat it too. Through smart contracts you can identify your alignment, be rewarded for those choices, and equally accept the limitations you have chosen in a transparent way.

But let’s go further. The world will not truly change unless every atom of our being embed our ideology – every product, process, project, organization, and people, have our values not just on our sleeves but in our things – the Internet of Things. In the immediate future what enjoins IoT to us will be our 5G phones which, as Professor Karen Pollitt-Cham eloquently puts it, layers our values into a “human centred network slice to nudge value driven behaviour”. Our phones will be a repository of our values alongside our value, already well accustomed to the Chinese WeChat Pay and AliPay. The resident AI (our ‘Ubot’) will guide us how to behave in alignment to the direction of what we hold dear, eschew things which do not conform to our wishes, and we will be able to imbue everything around us with our value(s) set.

To put it simply, our ideology can now be codified, transacted, nudged and embedded in the world around us. In a miniscule way, we started this process back in 2011 by measurement of non-financial value through the Social Earnings Ratio®, moved to transaction in 2016 through the Seratio® blockchain, visioned a world where AI Ubot would embed sentiment like love and hope into all our decisions, but to be truly adopted in time for UN SDG 2030, it needs the spread of 5G’a data slices to embed these values in everything around us so even our kettle can be driven by our values.

Naturally, there are dangers. The racist doorbell will not ring when a black man presses the button. Indeed, institutional racism is nothing but codified ideology but primitive and minute when compared to the guaranteed future ubiquity of 4IR. History advises that neither Chinese behavioural codes, nor West Coast marketing algorithms could be necessarily trusted as centralized guides arbitraging our moral compass. Herein lies the true advantage of the decentralized nature of IoT, that the pantheistic nature of small bits of ‘good’ code authored by billions of diverse contributors and embedded in trillions of devices, will safeguard the threat of dominance and control from bad actors or evil AI robots. In this pluralistic society there is no going back. DLT is conceived not only to provide us solutions to live in Hong Kong without embracing all Chinese values, or live in a frictionless trading Brexit Britain but embrace Europeanism, but also to expand our ‘me’ bubble to include everything around us.

In the future we will have a different relationship with technology which will, for the first time, industrialize doing good en masse; not a bolt on, not an afterthought, but mainstreamed and integral to our daily lives. Irrespective of whether there is higher meaning to our lives, whether there is a god metric or even a god code, what stands before us is our collective responsibility to make our society a better place for everyone regardless of values and ideology including at the extremes. This is an opportunity for universal participation paid for by the commercial interests of corporates, the blessing and regulation of governments, and our values. We pray, for the sake of mankind, that it will come soon but what is exciting for us is to finally see a pathway to a vibrant New World Order.

Olinga Ta'eed 

Blockchain as Non-Financial Currency: Reengineering our Data Consumption – #HaveMyData

Professor Olinga Taeed PhD FIoD *

Director, Centre of Citizenship, Enterprise and Governance

Council Member and Expert Advisor, Chinese Ministry of Commerce ‘China E-Commerce Blockchain Committee’

Data as a Non-Finanial Currency

This personal data thing, it’s just not working. Some claim that corporates want our data so they can sell stuff to us and governments want our data to control us. But companies retort that if you expect your commercial product to be free, and help create their jobs, economy and services to society, they must be allowed to get to know you to help (others) target you better. Like Google and their gmail, Facebook and their WhatsApp, bankers will tell you that free banking forced them to develop other more convoluted instruments that eventually ruined the world in 2008. Similarly, Sovereign States have a responsibility to protect their population and encourage positive social structures – so they see no problem with tracking our movements, rewarding good behaviours and identifying bad actors. Faced with 1.4 billion population, China openly uses a social credit system and defies ‘Land of the Free’ western ideology that hails individual rights preferring to protect the corpus not the few.

We have become obsessed with our personal data which is in the middle of this battleground but let’s face it, GDPR has failed – nothing has changed except we inanely press more cookie policy buttons and new T&C’s daily. We are happy to be in a selfless open and more sharing society, believe in open data, open source, open banking, but don’t see the incongruency with the rather self centred #MyDataMyWay. Things are set to become even more selfcentric – in blockchain we want to track your data to reward ourselves and to withhold our data if we’re not. Last month I sat in Shanghai whilst an entrepreneur pitched me with a system to token reward contributors of their medical data to resolve long term illness. STOP – what? So you would rather people die than share your data which is of no value to you whatsoever? Even if no remedy was found, your data would have helped create jobs and bring income to their families. So why have we become so possessive with our data and isn’t it misaligned to the open sharing world we are trying to create?

Tigris ART Celtic Bear

I think the issue is that we mistakenly think of data as a tangible hard asset like money, gold, land … things we can lose and others gain. Actually it’s not – data shows all the hallmarks of an intangible asset, a subject which I have studied for over a decade. Like all intangible non-financial assets, data value is dependent on the holder; you can’t spend it at Starbucks but it can be invaluable in the hands of others. Data transactions are directional – I love you doesn’t mean you love me. Indeed like love, happiness and hope, it is infinitesimally replenishable – you create more data tomorrow – you haven’t lost the asset by giving it.  Afterall we don’t stop smiling at a beggar because we think they’ve taken something from us? By smiling we have given them information about ouirselves – we have told them something about how we feel, the Holy Grail of personal data. We are happy to share with others on social media all about us, our inner beliefs, our core values, and then we’re upset that companies, governments, and others use it to understand or manipulate more efficiently? Doesn’t that happen every day with colleagues, friends, family when we share ourselves with them? What is it that we have lost?

If the dollar is the currency of financial value, I have wanted to know what is the currency of non-financial value. For years I promoted sentiment as the new currency of the millennium but in reality it has become impossible with current technology to come to a consensus on how to measure it. And if you can’t measure, you can’t bill it so all attempts to improve the world based on impact have hitherto failed. In the UK Social Value 2012, UK Slavery Act 2015, 2% CSR Laws in India, Indonesia and Mauritius, most United Nations MDG (and now SDG) initiatives, etc … the world is no better place; data is manipulated to be compliant, with honesty, integrity and compassion the ultimate loser. Data, however, is indeed universally measurable and thus a much better proxy to our intentions. What if we dispense with the misnomer that we can hold back the personal data ocean, and focus on the data transaction. I would be happy for my data to be used by governments, by corporates, by anyone if in exchange they agree to donate their upside (profits, tax, revenues, whatever) to civil society and undertake not to harm anyone in the process, including myself. To do this we would need an immutable ledger to track the use of our data – to tokenise not for personal gain but for societal gain. If you don’t want to surrender your information (which you cannot use in any case) then that is also fine … but don’t expect to receive the upside from the public and private interventions. Only blockchain can do this and provide the transparency for challenges.

A key differentiator of non-financial transaction is the basis on a social contract – eg in a relationship “you can have my love IF you make me happy, do not harm me or my children” – what we would call a smart contract with social dependencies. Intellectual Property, another intangible, has developed systems like Creative Commons which depend on simple attributes to safeguard the use; something very similar could be developed for our data. Permission to use our data, like a donor card, can be tokenized and withdrawn retrospectively demonstrating our alignment to corporate policy or government strategy, something we define as a Microshare Token. Making data consumption measurable, whether by corporates, governments  or NGO’s makes the impact actionable.


So in straight forward terms, what am I saying? Here is my data, please use it to get to know me. Try not to harm me …  and if you promise to use it for good, then I trust you with my data, my thoughts, my life, my hopes and my ambitions. I don’t wish to build a Mexican Wall of my life to repel all those seeking to know me whether for good or not.  It’s not my data, I will share it with you freely as I share my love, my happiness and my thoughts. Because I share it doesn’t mean I’ve lost it – I have new data tomorrow representing the new me. It is ever lasting, tomorrow I will generate more love, more happiness and more data. It does not belong to me, I give my IP to you freely to make the world better. Yes you made money by knowing me, or knowing me will make me more vulnerable to political influence. I’m happy for you. I hope it makes the world a better place. So don’t pay me, pay society… give them the money you would have given me for my data to others who need it. That is why data and blockchain are a perfect mixture. It’s a trustless system where we can share our data, transparently track it, contributing to a decentralized collective responsibility to be distributed to whoever needs it.

So let us put our data on the blockchain, not always insist on payment or recognition, but whomsoever uses the big data agrees by the principles of honesty, integrity, and respect of all those who put it there. And on our behalf, they agree to pay a percentage of the value they create from it to others … a social tax, a CSR, … and this we can track … through the blockchain, and permissioned through a token. Then it is a matter of compliance and not of ownership of our data. Companies decide which charities they pay, say 19% of their profits, and governments can give us 19% tax relief for using our data. Will this work and does anyone care? A straw poll of my children has swayed from my daughter Tigris’s condemnation of what I’m proposing, to my son Vien and spouse Elizabeth who use data to make their life seamless so find data intrusion of benefit in specific situations, to my partner’s daughter Alayna ambivalence “I don’t really care”. A blockchain data system could accommodate these broad spectrum of views.


* Opinions in this article are strictly my own. Art work by Tigris Ta’eed

Smart Cities

Summary of the key highlights

8th  Annual Session of Global Forum on Human Settlements

(30-31 October 2018, United Nations, Bangkok)

Blockchain as a technology has the potential to become one of the most pivotal routes to change for our societies.

The movement away from the centralised model of control which is the basis of almost everything we do, where we relying on a trusted centre.  Blockchain gives us the mechanism to de-centralise, to build organically, to create new structures of control and engagement.

This is a fundamental shift in how we structure ourselves in society.

With so much media attention on blockchain has focused mostly on the rise (and falls) of crypto currency valuations, it is easy to lose sight of the wider picture of the blockchain opportunity.

Add to that the uncoordinated nature of the non-centralised model, the slower approach that organics growth brings and the growing number of scams and mismanagement scandals and the result becomes a very fragmented environment.

We all intuitively know that an appropriate use of Blockchain technology does have real potential to make a change to how we operate cross-border and within societal groups, bypassing middle layers and removing the trusted centre, but we are yet to see mass adoption of real-world examples of this in practice.

And so, the really big questions are how far can Blockchain go?  How will it evolve?  What is required to create a step change in the way we live and operate?  What are the next steps?

My organisation, the Centre for Citizenship Enterprise and Governance, or “CCEG”, is a Think Tank that has had more than six years in the research and application of the movement of non-financial values, and over two years research and application of those research findings using blockchain technology.  We specialise in the tracking of the movement of emotional value, the things that give society well-being, contentment, happiness. That is those values that create engagement and good citizenship within communities.

CCEG Operations

This work is highly relevant to cities and human settlements.  As we understand, track and monitor the value sets of communities and individuals we become enabled to focused investment and channel our resources to materially to improve the well-being and contentment of citizens.

As we build the cities of the future, as we look to make significant change to those urban settlements that are not working, it is simply not enough to just create infrastructure and transportation links.  We need to create cities that inspire and generate high quality living, a healthy community and arguably, most importantly a content and happy society.

The blockchain technology can be used as a tool to engage the communities, to give people a voice and a vote. It can be used to delegate power and authority to empower community groups and organisations.  Through the use of Distributed autonomous organisations and/or foundations, blockchain can we used to develop the structures on which the cities operate and crucially the mechanisms for change and improvement.

Imagine a city where constant quality feedback from the millions of users of services and facilities are being utilised to adjust, refine and perfect city services for the benefit of the whole.  A city where the inhabitants are the owners, and the controllers of the core of the infrastructure, the architects of the future changes and the shapers of their own eco-system.  By their nature the citizens and not just engaged, they direct, drive and own the whole settlement.

These will be the cities of the future to which all others will aspire to replicate.


Procuring with our Values

In our daily lives we procure not with money, but with our values. We buy cars that bring us ‘joy’, purchase clothes that ‘empower’, acquire services that make us ‘happy’ … and reject offers that do not match our ‘hopes’.  Institutional procurement is moving in the same direction – we no longer decide only on price, speed and quality … but factor in sustainability, modern slavery, and social value. The brands we represent can no longer afford to associate with brands that are not aligned to our values; because of the transparency afforded by social media these intangible assets can decimate our tangible assets in a heartbeat.

The decision metric of procurement is not the just the dollar, but how aligned we are to those we procure from and with. When we decide to cut 3% from or budgets to increase shareholder value, the likelihood is that a community suffers, and worst still across multiple layers in the global supply chain others enter into slavery conditions. Because of you, some will end their lives in abject poverty, and others will celebrate life. Your decisions can lead to the ultimate sacrifice – in your hands is the power that someone lives or dies.

Whether the tender is for stationary or a billion dollar bridge, the future of procurement is changing. Governments already recognise that it is the single greatest instrument to achieve national objectives, enacting laws to align their suppliers with their values. It is surely time for procurement professionals to break away from the equivalence to the mundane world of accountants, auditors and actuaries, but to take our place at the top table in driving world change.

The 4th industrial revolution has provided us with a single instrument called Blockchain that can simultaneously measure, transact and delivery both financial and non-financial value transparently and at scale. This digital technology enables us to establish structures for good by making our financial decisions contingent on our institution’s alignment to a set of non-financial values. If we are being brave, we could involve AI to direct our decisions or to even fully automate the process, bypassing unfair or corrupt procurement which is prevalent wherever scale is involved. Furthermore, through tokenisation every single product, process, project, organisation or even person which is part of procurement can be fully aligned to all the stakeholders in our organisation – shareholders, customers, suppliers, government, environment, staff and the communities we serve.

Further blockchain related reading:

GENERAL (transparency)

TECHNICAL (english) (chinese)

Transparency of Values in a Decentralised World

The Seratio Ecosystem is aided by AI to assess the complex analytical data available and to steer consumers, becoming their online friend and guide

Hyper-Reality by Keiichi Matsuda

Two important trends are making corporates re-think their strategies and relevance in our future economies.


The hallmark of this decade has been the growth of transparency as an instrument to  openly display governance in our public offices, demonstrate corporate intentions, reflect the goodness within our products and even prove our own values to each other.

The public sharing of our actions and decisions is rapidly accelerating, particularly with the under 35’s. Social media and mobile apps  bring our lives under closer scrutiny, for many now on a daily basis. The things we like, where we socialise what we eat are all commonly shared on social media.  But what about the transparency of information to consumers?  Whilst price comparison sites and convenient middlemen layers have become commonplace, we remain sadly lacking in coherent, simple signposting for most of the goods and services we buy. To navigate our often intricate lives we readily embrace any kind of ‘Go-NoGo’ filters that allow decisions to be guided with least effort.

Arguably, consumer data, the value sets and preferences may become the most valued asset. As the trend for transparency continues, the analytics behind those choices and preference will shape the retail market push.  As important the trend of information to consumers will shape the markets, just as comparison sites have influenced and taken ownership of consumers in the insurance space, information and data providers of the provenance of goods have the same opportunity, to guide, advise and own the relationship with those consumers. Have goods been manufactured with slavery within their supply chain?  Are the suppliers and supply chain manufacturing those goods adding value to the world or detracting total value by stealing from their supply chain, or stealing from the environment?

The world is an increasingly complex place and consumers crave simplicity and convenience.  For this they are willing to sacrifice, security, privacy and price. At the same time, expectations of free services has never been greater.  The traditional model of “Make it Pay”  has been turned upside down by the media giants of the last two decades as they offer an app for our lives for free.

So it is somewhat surprising that the consumer “values” data space remains largely untapped. What is not just in our wallet but rather in our heads, our thoughts and our hearts remains opaque to retailers and suppliers as they seek greater levels of optimisation.


The antidote to centralisation is perhaps an even greater challenge to a traditional corporate organisation to navigate. How to remain relevant as a central player and controller in the non-centralised world the new public seem to crave.  The traditional model of central controller is broken down in the de-centralised world of the blockchain. This gives rise to new models, new expectations and new philosophies.

The inside out model, fails completely when one tries to implement a blockchain solution with a focus on one key stakeholder. Distributed Ledger Technology ‘DLT’ was created for a peer to peer environment, deliberately to eliminate the need for a central controller. Whilst blockchain is hailed as the next revolution and an even bigger impact than the internet, the largely centralised corporate world is still struggling to create meaningful, viable, value added applications as the models strike at the very heart of its operations.


The Seratio Ecosystem has brought together a model which addresses these two key challenges.

The original start point for the ecosystem was born from academic research into the movement of non-financial value and the understanding of a total value model, taking into account social, environmental and governance measures to assess the impact of a person, project, organisation, city, region or country. As with any measurement system, once metrics were established, agreed, recognised and used, then focus and improvements may follow. The DLT of blockchain technology presented  an ideal opportunity to move from the measurement of non-financial value to the transaction of non-financial value.

Communities of people who share common values and share a trading economy have already formed their own currencies, outside of the traditional boundaries of government and regulation and without any central controllers; organic growth. Value sets are recognised, shared and transacted.  Community members prefer to seek out those with aligned values, those who share the currency and demonstrate their value sets. This has led to crypto-currencies imbued with values, carrying the attributes of the communities that created them making it more transparent both to those who prefer to operate within these large cohesive, vibrant and transactable communities as well as those who wish to supply and target them with loyalty and rewards programmes.

Recognising the value sets or ‘provenance’ of individuals the Seratio Ecosystem also builds in the provenance of goods and services. The complex system is filtered down to a simple score to direct and guide buyers. In essence, to enable them to buy the things they value, which may be pro a particular value set, for example women or students whilst being steered away from those goods and services which fall outside of their individual values, for example anti-slavery or environmental.

The Seratio Ecosystem is aided by AI to assess the complex analytical data available and to steer consumers,  becoming their online friend and guide.  By directing purchases in the online space and on the high street value aligned purchases can be easily delivered, with no effort on the part of the consumer.

The use of blockchain and cryptocurrency record and give transparency to the value choices. In the same way that social media has a positive ground-up impact and empowerment,  the blockchain has a similar effect demonstrating aligned values and for the first time linking that to the economic activity those values support.

Number by Robert Hloz


Next Steps

To scale the models,  we need to build systems and put into practice the ecosystem platforms within a mass market. We welcome new partners who are interested in transforming their impacts and become a key player in this brave new world.

Who will step up and become the Google of the Blockchain World?



Core values are the fundamental beliefs of a person or organization. They act as a guiding principle that help people right or wrong. While walking through a commercial street, have you ever wondered about an app that will notify you of discounts in your preferred retailer, or a product, that align with your values? This is one of the featured functions of the new Seratio AI Bot. On the other hand, it could also help the retailer identify the customers who align with their values and incentivize.

AI Bot

The main objective of the AI bot to help its users make informed decisions based on their values. By building predictive models and using AI algorithms, AI bot will be able to learn user’s preferences and behaviour. This will help the bot identify their next course of action and provide suggestions.

AI Bot receives the required data from multiple core segments of the seratio ecosystem. They are as follows

  1. SAPI

Seratio API is the software that implements impact assessment & tracking (non-financial value analysis). It is responsible for S/E scores calculation, S/E certificate awards, and has a build-in S/E translator enabling engagement and use of all other non-financial metrics.

From a corporate point of view it can process and combine different data sets, including monitoring product provenance, modern slavery conditions checks, Proof-of-[…] metrics, and convert them all into a single-number non-financial attribute – S/E score.

     2.  Seratio Platform Wallet

Anonymity, the fundamental idea behind blockchain. Although it provides high security, it breaks trust in blockchain. CCEG’s solution to the problem is to maintain the anonymity while bringing in non-financial intangible attribution (social Value) of each transaction. the fundamental functionality of the platform is to add an extra layer of value to every transaction

Here every user has the option to enter their basic, financial and social information, that helps in generating the S/E (Social Earnings Ratio) certificate through SAPI.

The details which are used to calculate the SE Ratio of an individual include:
• Country
• Number of people dependent on the individual
• Value of asset
• Environmental considerate decisions
• Amount spent to help others
• Raised/Helped Raising Amount to help others
• Number of people positively influenced by the individual

In the wallet we can set the SER preferences to do/restrict transactions or interactions with organisations, products, projects and people. Which means, the individual can initiate a transaction only if they satisfy the SE Ratio cut-off threshold mentioned by the Individual.


     3. Provenance

The Provenance Monitoring is an S/E based complex analytical tool which allows tracking provenance of products, companies, services etc. In terms of product provenance, the platform will track both financial as well as non-financial attributes at every stage of the supply chain. This information is then submitted to blockchain through smart contract. Here it integrates with seratio blockchain platform. When the product moves from one part of the supply chain to another, the information is carried forward and verified with the corresponding information in blockchain. This creates a secure, shared record of exchange for each product along with specific product information.

When the product is complete, the collective information is processed by SAPI and will be able to provide it aggregate social value along with its other tangible information.

     4. Rewarding Body

Rewarding body functionality supports organisation to create social value by earning tokens through impact that users make through their personal beliefs or social activity. When paid staffs are rewarded with normal currencies, the social currencies can be distributed to its unpaid supporters/helpers. May it be a reward for referral made by valued customers or for the volunteering for a social cause, rewards can be given to thank the other. Users are rewarded with specified tokens for their social activities based on the rewarding policy set by rewarding body. The Rewarding body will then transfer the tokens to the user directly using user’s QR code.

     5. Microshare exchange and Retail

The MICROSHARE is a unit of non-financial, intangible value gained by people through many activities their personal beliefs or social activity (volunteering, charity, carers, etc). The first batch of the microshares are the SER microshares, which was distributed to all who contributed to the ICO. The other altcoins will receive their microshares as well. At this point, microshares will be tradable for another microshare at the microshare exchange.

Soon users will be able to acquire microshares from rewarding body and will be able to buy discount vouchers from retailers. These retailers will empower the community and their values, that they believe in, through discount policies. The discount policy will contain

• Minimum SER value needed to avail discount
• Type of microshare
• Amount of microshare
• Discount offered

Users would be able to purchase the discount in advance and produce it at the retail shop or pay at the counter.

Key outcomes for regular users:

man presses interface

The AI Bot can give suggestions or predictions based on individual’s SE Ratio preferences.

Depending on the user’s values and behavioural patterns, some of the model prediction scenarios are as follows:

• If an individual wants to buy a product, AI Bot can suggest a list of companies, which are providing that product based on the SE score preferred by the individual.

• If an individual wants to improve his SER value, AI Bot can suggest a list of NGOs or Rewarding policies based on their values.

• AI Bot can suggest the available offers and discounts. These offers can be availed using Microshares.

• It should also suggest ways to earn Microshares by integrating itself with rewarding body features in Seratio platform. This should also depend on proximity and preferences of the Customer.

• Different purchase patterns can be generated by the AI Bot, based on previous purchase history details and can suggest the possible future buying nature and other related activities by the individual.


Key outcomes for Organisation/Company:

Similarly, the AI Bot can give suggestions or predictions based on an organization’s preferences and values. Some of the key suggestions could be seen below.

word cloud - community

• If a company wants to launch a product and they want to sell it at a targeted volume of customers, then our AI Bot can suggest the SER value that company should hold to reach the targeted volume of customers.

• Also, if a company want to improve their SER value, our AI Bot can suggest the areas where that company’s activities can be rectified or corrected to switch over from a low SER to a preferable SER value.

For example: Our Bot can suggest improving the wages, if currently one of the reason for that company’s low SER value falls in Modern Slavery category.

• For a manufacturing company, looking to improve their SER value, our AI Bot can suggest the list of suppliers whose SER value is higher with whom the company should associate and a list of suppliers with whom the company should not associate at any stages of product manufacturing.

• To improve their CSR activities, the Bot would be able to provide a list of NGO’s or rewarding body and provide insights into their current and historic social activity. The companies could then either collaborate with these organizations or they could conduct their own activities.


Building Predictive Models – Our Approach

Predictive models predict the future behaviour of a user. Predictive modelling is a group of statistical algorithms, which when applied on provided data, outputs a mathematical function/equation/a logical program that helps to predict the outcomes. To understand our approach, a sample steps taken are provided below

Stages of building a Predictive Model:

AI Bot

A. Data Cleaning:

This stage includes the process of detecting, correcting or removing the inaccurate records from the given data source. This is important to maintain the quality of data.
This stage includes:
• Various kind of data importing scenarios like importing various kind of datasets (.csv, .txt), different kind of delimiters (comma, tab, pipe), and different methods (read_csv, read_table)
• Getting the very basic information, such as dimensions, column names, and statistics summary
• Getting basic data cleaning done by removing NAs and blank spaces, imputing values to missing data points, changing a variable type etc.
• Creating dummy variables in various scenarios to help modelling
• Generating simple plots like scatter plots, bar charts, histograms, box plots etc.

B. Data Wrangling:

This is the process of transforming and mapping data from ‘raw data’ form into a desired format using merging, grouping, concatenating etc. for better decision making and analytics.

C. Explore the data with Python

In this step the data which is saved in database from the given datasource, is loaded to Python for further processing. At this stage the data is converted to dataframe, another data structure using a Python package named Pandas.

The following is an illustrative representation of a dataframe with details of a user for the calculation of SE Score.


After this, we will access the required columns from the dataframe by removing the unwanted ones.

D. Creating and training a model

This is the step where the Model is created and trained. For prediction, first we have to find a Function/Model that best describes the dependency between the variables in our dataset, known as Correlation.

We use Linear Regression Algorithm to create the model if the output to be predicted is a continuous variable. Whereas we use Logistic Regression Algorithm if the output variable is a binary or categorical variable.

After this, the dataset is split into training and testing datasets for the purpose of Training the Model.

• The training dataset is the one on which the model is built. This is the one on which the calculations are performed and the model equations and parameters are created.

• The testing dataset is used to check the accuracy of the model. The model equations and parameters are used to calculate the output based on the inputs from the testing datasets. These outputs are used to compare the model efficiency.

Training the model means fitting the created model to the training set of data. At this stage, we have created a model which is trained with the training dataset and is ready to handle to test dataset.

E. Prediction

This is the stage where the prediction process happens. The trained predictive model will be ready to give the result/prediction using the test dataset we created in the previous step. The default function predict() in Python is used to predict the result we expect.

In this stage the error between our test predictions and the actual values are calculated for checking the efficiency of our created model.

businessman connect to social network

Explaining the approach using an example:

We are considering a scenario where we want to predict the number of sales a retailer will have on a future date depending upon certain previous factors such as offer/discounts on particular category of products provided for customers who will buy using Microshares.

A. Data Cleaning

The provided data is prepared by removing/updating the inaccurate entries to maintain the quality of data.

B. Data Wrangling

In this stage, we will merge/group/concatenate the data if needed for our requirement when analysing our data source.
•  Create a Database in MongoDB
•  Create a collection named sales_data
•  Save the sample data to sales_data

C. Explore the data with Python

•  Load data from database to Python
•  Import data source and convert to pandas dataframe
• Get the required columns from dataframe by avoiding the unwanted ones.

D. Creating and training a model

We use Linear Regression Algorithm to create the model as described in the scenario. For creating the model, we will follow the below steps:

•  Store a variable SalesCount, we will be predicting value of
•  Generate the training set, train
•  Select anything not in the training set and put it in the testing set, test
•  Print the shapes of both sets
•  Initialise the model class, linear_model
•  Fit the model to the training data

 Now we have trained a Linear Regression Model named linear_model.

E.  Prediction

At this stage, we can use the trained linear_model to predict the required output/results using the test set test.

•  Generate our predictions, linear_predictions for the test set
•  Compute error between our test predictions, linear_predictions and the actual values, test

Now, in this stage, we have created a model named linear_model  with Python which can predict the Sales Count of a retailer in a future day, by analysing various factors. For example, if there is an offer/discount on a particular ‘Category’ (Clothing, Sports Accessories etc.) on that day or whether the customer will be using ‘Microshares’ to buy and so on.



This Predictive Model can be used by our AI Bot to help the retailers predict the future Sales Count depending upon the various factors mentioned. Likewise, by building different prediction models in our AI Bot, the main objectives like helping users make informed decisions based on their values can be fulfilled.







这段旅程始于2011年5月,我们创建了影响力数字化的测量方法,社会收益比率(S/E Ratio),它成为了“世界上普及速度最快的社会影响力分析指标”(梵蒂冈,2014)。S/E Ratio,作为代表金融性价值的市盈率(P/E Ratio)理论的推论,它将非金融价值转化为数字、将情绪转化为非金融价值,并通过快数据(Fast Data)在10秒以内实现这一过程。在成功地将其应用于社会价值法案2012、现代奴隶制法案2015欧盟项目以及一系列学术项目委托之后,CCEG成为了横跨许多行业的SaaS(软件即服务)平台的主要提供者,并拥有自己的期刊《社会价值和无形资产》。

2016年初,我们从单纯地测量价值转向了对价值流动的研究,通过了区块链添加了对价值进行交易的能力。我们现在下设一个CCEG区块链UN实验室——它于2017年10月在英国金融行为监管局(FCA)的指导下进行了英国本土的第一次代币发行;一个面向机构的区块链咨询顾问服务机构Rothbadi & Co;一个大型的、关于知识产权的分布式账本技术联盟CyberFutures;以及一个大学教育价值论坛(高校资质)

建立坚实的理论架构 #goodistrending 

我们的目标一直是为社会带来开源的、结构性的正面变革,为此我们调研并发布了12本白皮书、一个名为Blockchain Alliance for Good的会员制区块链联盟 Frontiers in Blockchain,并与一家主流学术出版商共同发布了世界上第一本同行评审学术期刊《区块链前沿》。


CN seratio ecosystem v2



Seratio Ecosystem - circles




=> United Nations Sustainable Goals (SDG) 2030



The Seratio EcoSphere

End of a Journey, Beginning of a New



At the end of Q3 2018 the not-for-profit foundation Centre for Citizenship, Enterprise and Governance (CCEG) will have completed the Seratio Ecosystem to MVP (minimum viable product) level ready to start implementation in Q4 trials with significant partners in cities, regions and countries around the world.  This has been a 7 year journey, started in May 2011, to create structures for good that allows us to travel through our lives guided by the beliefs we hold dear to our hearts. By establishing a digital currency of intangible value, we can use AI (Artificial Intelligence) Bots on our mobiles to navigate our interactions with organisations, products, projects, processes and even people based on their provenance and how aligned they are to our own values. Retailers will be able to incentivise and target to differing degrees whole communities that match most closely their corporate values. We will be able to exchange our token instruments of non-financial value with assets of financial value.

Now moving to engagement and integration within global markets across public, private, civil society and community sectors, the Seratio EcoSystem will be governed by its participants through a Distributed Autonomous Foundation (DAF) which itself will integrate with other DAO (organisations) structures representing the Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO’s) both small and big. We are an international community of over 120,000 with a vision which are ready to deliver, but the next phase is about market need, scalable adoption, and professional operational delivery to give us a world based on sustainable social impact. Our common goal is to form a world transacting on the optimisation of Total Value where both Financial and Non-Financial Value are of equal importance and driven by our individual and collective Values.

The Journey (2011-2018)

We started our journey in May 2011 and created digital impact measurement, the Social Earnings Ratio, which became the “fastest adopted social impact analysis metric in the world” (The Vatican, 2014). The S/E Ratio, a corollary to the financial P/E Ratio, digitises non-financial value, turns sentiment into financial value, and does it through Fast Data in under 10 seconds. Applied successfully to Social Value Act 2012, Modern Slavery Act 2015, EU Commissions, etc and a plethora of academic commissions, CCEG became the leading provider of SaaS platforms across many sectors, with its own journal Social Value & Intangibles Review.

In early 2016 we moved from just  the measurement of value to the movement of value, adding a transaction of value capability through blockchain. We now have a CCEG Blockchain UN Lab which conducted UK’s first Initial Coin Offering in October 2017 with UK Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) guidance,  an institutional blockchain consultancy and advisory service Rothbadi & Co,  a large IP DLT consortium CyberFutures, and a university educational value forum

Justas Structuras Creare (Creating Just Structures) #goodistrending

Our aim remains to enable open source structural change for good,  having researched 12 Whitepapers, a membership association for Blockchain Alliance for Good, and the world’s first peer reviewed academic journal Frontiers in Blockchain, jointly launched with a mainstream academic publisher.

Development Cycle

Seratio Ecosytem final image

The integrated components of the Seratio EcoSphere are described above with the following easy to read non-technical guides to understand the linkages:

Current Status

Seratio Ecosystem - circles

The system as a whole is 85% complete (green shaded above) at present moment with 100% expected by October 2018. Originally expected to complete by July 2018, the additions of the DAF and Exchanges has extended the timescales a further 2-3 months. Although the securities financial exchange (yellow shaded above) will take further still with Swiss FINMA approval required, the security asset exchange is not an immediate requirement for day one as many others exist which we can use.

Moving Forward with Partners

With the end of the visioning and development cycle, comes a new challenge as we move into pilots and trials of our MVP to test and improve the Seratio system. We have in place already one pilot with a UK brand Mencap which has been delayed now to December 2018 due to their financial constraints, several demo’s and launches in November 2018 in Amsterdam and June 2019 in Copenhagen with Informa Plc (FTSE 100), as well as city launches in Taizhou (August 2018), Yiwu (October 2018), and country launches in Wales (August 2018) and Moldova (November 2018); other partners are now in discussion.

The Seratio Ecosystem is aided by AI to assess the complex analytical data available and to transparently steer consumers becoming their online friend. Similarly for public sector institutions, private sector corporates, civil society NGO’s – and their leaders – to become their values driven guide

As with all the work at CCEG, the Seratio EcoSphere is open source, and part of our contribution towards the United Nation’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

If you wish to be a partner please feel free to contact us at



BLOCKCHAIN RETIREMENT FUNDS – war, corruption, lawfare, persecution, fiat liquidity injection proof



The problem

Image source:

Let’s suppose the probability of someone’s retirement funds to be stolen on a given day is 1 in 10.000. From probability theory:


The probability of this retirement fund not be stolen on a given day is:


Over the course of 35 years, the probability of this retirement fund not be stolen is:


Therefore, the probability of this retirement fund to be stolen before this individual retires is:



A staggering 72.13%!

Problem details

Image source:

People who need the most the retirement funds to survive unfortunately live on underdeveloped countries were the willingness of the funds to be stolen are greater when compared to well developed countries. Failure to get the retirement funds on time implies on worse quality of life or maybe even anticipated death.

This means the probability of someone’s retirement funds to be stolen must be virtually zero to concretely save, extend, improve quality of lives of the beneficiaries and family.

Proposed solution

Image source:

Virtually zero probability in this regard is only possible today with the blockchain technology. Even if there is war, corruption, lawfare, persecution, fiat liquidity injection, funds would still be held safe.

Thinking in this problem, CCEG developed possibly the first Blockchain retirement fund ever created. It was launched yesterday and is now live on Seratio wallet.

Investors can decide how many tokens to invest, for how long the tokens will be locked in with precision of a second.

Tokens of the following nature can be locked in:

  • Classic ethers
  • Ethereum Classic ERC20 tokens
  • Forked ethers
  • Forked Ethereum ERC20 tokens

Obs.: Underlying blockchain ledger immutability is key to preserve retirement funds.

CLASSIC DELTA – Classic and forked Ethereum decentralized exchange, Microshares exchange


There are numerous examples of centralized exchanges that were hacked. One of the reasons is because power is centralized on the hands of few powerful individuals.

On the wake of Ethereum technology, Etherdelta was pioneer at applying Ethereum’s blockchain to run critical software pieces of an exchange in a decentralized, safe and transparent way. This feature was a breakthrough and provided, for the first time, an easy and transparent way to list new ERC20 tokens without compromising exchange security.

Still Etherdelta has being criticized for having a poor user interface, non-automatic order book filling, API problems and works with only Ethereum network and tokens. There are currently no decentralized exchanges that work for both Ethereum and Ethereum Classic chains.

Classic Delta fills this gap, it is an exchange that works with ERC20 tokens from both the classic and forked Ethereum networks and promotes positive social behavior by applying zero or reduced fees to selected social coins.

1.1         Background

Sunset city background. Image source:

The Centre for Citizenship and Governance (CCEG) is a non-profit Think Tank focusing on the challenge of quantifying the value of non-financial transactions. In January 2017, CEEG launched the CCEG UN Lab, which has developed the Seratio Blockchain. After a successful Initial Coin Offering (ICO) in Q3 of 2017, CCEG has created a web-wallet.

The development of an exchange complements CCEG’s vision to have a robust and sustainable ecosystem in the movement of value.

1.2         Assumptions and Constraints

  • Etherdelta known API problems
  • Interface with the Ethereum network
  • Our own interface with Forked and Classic Ethereum networks
  • Marketing strategy
  • Legal requirements


1.2.1        Assumptions

  • Etherdelta known API problems
  • Interface with the Ethereum network
  • Our own interface with Ethereum network


Etherdelta known API problems

Because of Etherdelta alleged problems and due to the evidences that Forkdelta has solved similar problems, it is assumed that ForkDelta doesn’t currently present any API problems and for this reason the starting codebase to be utilized is going to be Forkdelta’s rather than Etherdelta.


Interface with Forked and Classic Ethereum networks

Both services Etherdelta and Forkdelta are interfacing the application with the Ethereum network by means of This is a very famous endpoint and might present bottlenecks in providing the interface to the Ethereum blockchain whenever too many calls are sent at the same time.

The effect of clogged calls to the endpoint reflects on user interaction due to increased delays for every operation that involves communication exchange with the Ethereum network. As we have developed Seratio’s own forked and classic Ethereum endpoints we can compare user interaction with both services.


Our own interface with Ethereum network

When we compared our own endpoint, which we built on top of Google Cloud service, with already well stablished Ethereum endpoint service provider Infura, the operational delays we had were substantially lower.

It may also be so that when comparing with we have a faster private endpoint. Because of this assumption the utilization of our endpoint to speed up ClassicDelta’s user interaction is an alternative as long it doesn’t compromise our wallet service.

To make sure there will be no compromise to services that rely on our endpoint (including Seratio wallet), metrics of how the endpoint is behaving must be in place.


1.2.2        Constraints

  • Marketing strategy
  • Legal requirements


Marketing Strategy

To follow success of EtherDelta by imitating their strategy. The figure 1 illustrates EtherDelta success in numbers, retrieved on April 9th, 2018.

Figure 1: EtherDelta’s smart contract holding 1 billion plus USD in tokens plus 20M in ethers


Compared to other decentralized exchanges, Etherdelta has greatest market capitalization as can be seen on Figure 2.

Figure 2 – Etherdelta market cap


To attract a wider audience to our exchange, other than Seratio’s coins are going to be traded within the platform. But the coins that are going to be naturally more promoted in a non-explicit way are the ones with Seratio’s stamp on it.

Are possible means of promoting:

  • order in list of tokens
  • fees practiced
  • Propaganda

To promote Seratio’s eco-system growth in a healthy way, a fee policy will be set in place to make sure the operation is at the same time profitable, and discretely positions Seratio social coins at premium levels. It is to be considered a variable fee proportional to the amount of SER coins a trader holds.


Legal Requirements

As a decentralized exchange that works with cryptocurrencies only, the task of running KYC and AML checks is not necessary because that is supposed to have already happened when converting from fiat to cryptocurrencies and vice versa. And not from crypto to crypto as our exchange is being strategically positioned.

A legal understanding of all implications related to this decision is needed to make sure there won’t be any future pitfalls.


2      Technical Overview

A deeper look at ForkDelta source code shows that it is a DApp[1]. DApp is an abbreviated form for decentralized application. As both ForkDelta and EtherDelta are utilizing Ethereum blockchain to perform its server operational side, this means they are basically relying on a combination of two technologies:

  1. Web page front end.
  2. Ethereum smart contracts back end.

[1] A DApp has its backend code running on a decentralized peer-to-peer network. Contrast this with an app where the backend code is running on centralized servers. If an app=frontend+server, since Ethereum contracts are code that runs on the global Ethereum decentralized peer-to-peer network, then DApp = frontend + contracts.


3        Philosophy

Philosophy. Image source:

3.1        What is ClassicDelta?

  • ClassicDelta is a free, open-source, client-side interfaced exchange.
  • It allows users to interact directly with ClassicDelta’s smart contracts while users remain full control of their keys & funds.
  • User and only the user is responsible for its security.
  • ClassicDelta cannot recover user’s funds or freeze user’s account if it visits a phishing site or lose its private key.

3.2        ClassicDelta is not a Bank

  • When user opens an account with a bank or exchange, they create an account for it in their system.
  • The bank keeps track of user’s personal information, account passwords, balances, transactions and ultimately its money.
  • The bank charge fees to manage user’s account and provide services, like refunding transactions when user’s card gets stolen.
  • The bank allows the user to write a check or charge its debit card to send money, go online to check its balance, reset its password, and get a new debit card if it loses it.
  • User has an account with the bank or exchange and they decide how much money it can send, where it can send it, and how long to hold on a suspicious deposit. All for a fee.

3.3        ClassicDelta is an Interface

  • The user must already have an account created on Ethereum blockchain with access to a cryptographic set of numbers: its private key and its public key (address).
  • The handling of user’s keys happens entirely on user’s computer, inside its browser.
  • ClassicDelta never transmits, receives or stores user’s private key, password, or other account information.
  • ClassicDelta charges a transaction fee in accordance to publicly provided fee policy.
  • Users are simply using ClassicDelta’s interface to interact directly with ClassicDelta’s smart contracts deployed to both Ethereum blockchains.
  • If user sends its public key (address) to someone, they can send user ETH, ETC to that address. 👍
  • If user sends its private key to someone, they now have full control of user’s account. 👎

3.4        ClassicDelta needs each user to understand that it cannot…

  • Access user’s account or send user’s funds for it.
  • Recover or change user’s private key.
  • Recover or reset user’s password.
  • Reverse, cancel, or refund transactions.
  • Freeze accounts.

3.5        The user and only the user is responsible for its security.

The user must be diligent to keep its private key and password safe. User’s private key is sometimes called its mnemonic phrase, keystore file, UTC file, JSON file, wallet file.

If user loses its private key or password, no one can recover it. If user enters its private key to a phishing website, it will have all its funds taken.

3.6        If ClassicDelta can’t do those things, what’s the point?

Because that is the point of decentralization and the blockchain. The user doesn’t have to rely on its bank, government, or anyone else when it wants to move its funds. The user doesn’t have to rely on the security of an exchange or bank to keep its funds safe. And that is exactly why the blockchain and cryptocurrencies are valuable.

3.7        Movement of financial and non financial value

Money is a model of value. CCEG is confident that also non financial value can be modeled and traded likewise. To buy land with love, for example:

What a lovely purchase you’ve made.

That would be fantastic wouldn’t it?


4         Functional Context

Functional Context. Image source:

As can be seen on Figure 3, the user interacts with ClassicDelta DApp willing to perform either one of the two use cases:

  • Collect market information, where the user utilizes the website as source of information to accessorize its decisions regarding its assets.
  • Exchange ERC20 tokens where concretely the tokens are converted from one to another nature and which depends on previous item.
Figure 3 – Classic Delta use case diagram


The Exchange ERC20 tokens use case comprises the following two other user cases:

  • ERC20 tokens trade, where new buy or sell orders can be placed.
  • ERC20 tokens Input/Output, where tokens or ethers are deposited, transferred or withdrawn.

ClassicDelta must provide infrastructure to support all the use cases comprised by ClassicDelta DApp component which is drawn on Figure 3 as the major surrounding rectangular box.


To provide an exchange that works for both forked Ethereum and Ethereum Classic, the components and connections shown on Figure 4 are needed.

Figure 4 – Generic Context Diagram


Where the FrontEnd component is the web application that holds the user interface in place and organizes accesses to the back end (comprised by both Ethereum networks smart contracts) to ultimately fulfill user’s expectations.

In the development of the Seratio wallet, the following components were already developed and can be used by Classic Delta exchange too:

  • Forked Ethereum Endpoint
  • Ethereum Classic Endpoint


These components are already working properly and interact directly with Forked Ethereum and Ethereum Classic Blockchains through already built-in Interface Web3 JavaScript API.


4.1        User Requirements

ClassicDelta Dapp needs to provide the functionality to support two types of users already represented as actors on Figure 3.

  • Regular user
  • ClassicDelta’s Admin

Because ClassicDelta is a decentralized exchange, there is a reduced set of exclusive activities for ClassicDelta’s admin to perform. Still, in a normal scenario, the admin must manage each ERC20 token lifecycle by listing or delisting tokens and to make sure information provided within each token project is legit and not misleading.

A regular user needs to upload locally its already generated public and private key to unlock the exchange functionality. The safety of this process is of user’s responsibility since ClassicDelta only acts as an interface to the blockchain and does not store personal sensitive information in its servers.

ClassicDelta’s admin has more responsibilities in the sense it is a regular user but also a key actor for the working and maintenance of the platform. ClassicDelta’s admin will be responsible to orient community and drive requests accordingly to technical team. Tasks are split on two fronts, the backend mostly blockchain development and the frontend, mostly user interface and pursue of user expectations.

4.2        Data Flow Diagrams

Figure 5 – Data flow diagram


Figure 3: Sequence diagram of general data flow.

As can be seen in the sequence diagram of Figure 3, the basic data flow starts with the user request to the web server requesting the webpage or general information. Consequently, to render the information accordingly, the frontend needs fresh data from the connected blockchain endpoints, in this case Ethereum Classic and forked Ethereum.

There are more specific diagrams that are subject to be detailed in the development process comprising the following scenarios:

  • Creation of new account
  • Account import, account forget
  • Ledger Nano S integration
  • Set gas price
  • Place buy, sell order
  • Cancelling an order
  • Deposit, withdrawals, transfers.

4.3        Logical Data Model/Data Dictionary

The blockchain can be considered a decentralized database where a lot of historical information can be retrieved just by browsing it. However, the speed of access to blockchain data depends on a variety of factors and has associated costs. Since the blockchain is constantly writing history to the distributed ledger and once a block is written there is virtually no way to change it, there are specific use cases where a regular database can be handy to post attach information to previously written blocks. A good example of when this is needed is in the addition of metadata identifying and linking a dropped by a replaced transaction.

But more complex queries throughout a huge amount of data (more than 50 GB) can be used upon a regular database to extract valuable information. One example is extracting technical analysis indicators with artificial intelligence techniques to better orient in which tokens the user should rather invest on  a given Friday.


4.4        Functional Requirements

  • To provide the user with updated information about the order book status in real time (with a delay no greater than 5 seconds).
  • Execute deposits, withdrawals, transfers, buy and sell orders placement smoothly and without human intervention. Humans prohibited here!
  • Whenever there is a relevant blockchain event, keep information shown in the website coherent to blockchain’s state.
  • To protect privacy and user data with state of the art technology.
  • To have the most critique parts if not the entirety of the exchange code open source with bug bounty programs to increase safety and reduce risk surface. This follows Parity’s state of the art safety procedure[1].
  • Periodic auditing by selected companies.

[1] On Wednesday 19th July, 2017 a bug found in the multi-signature wallet (“multi-sig”) code used as part of Parity Wallet software was exploited by parties unknown. As of the time of writing, three wallet accounts holding large balances of ETH have been compromised and the balances moved into accounts held by the attacker. The self-titled “White Hat Group” used the same exploit to secure the other compromised wallets within Ethereum, with the stated intention of returning control to the original owners.


5           Follow up

5.1         Milestones

Milestones. Image source:


The milestones were raised accordingly to the foreseeable future based on research already made and are present on Table 1.


Table 1: Milestones for the operation of Classic Delta exchange

Milestone Due Date


Completed / Delayed / On time
ClassicDelta Smart Contracts Development 03/05/2018 Completed
Functional Requirement Preliminary Document 03/12/2018 Completed
ClassicDelta Smart Contract Deployment 03/19/2018 Completed
Website launch and integration 03/26/2018 Completed
Exchange API launch 10/26/2018 On time
Incremental upgrades 12/26/2018 On time


The code of the smart contracts, the most important software piece here, was already created based on EtherDelta smart contracts.

The ClassicDelta organization was created at GitHub to fork ForkDelta. The starting web server is GitHub to speed-up development process. But as soon the project scales a more professional service is planed to take place with Cloudflare DDoS protection around October 2018. The exchange is already beta launched and can be tested here for forked Ethereum network.